Learning suffixes often begins with -ed and -ing, and these suffixes get used a lot. You want students to understand how suffixes work, so start with the basics: the sounds of each suffix and what kinds of words they are added to, and how they change the meaning and part of speech. Then share the rules about how –ed suffixes and –ing suffixes are added. Once students see what to do, give them plenty of practice using –ed suffixes and suffixes with –ing.
Start by making a list of –ed words, such as hopped, taped, jumped, lifted, smiled, helped, and missed. Underline the –ed to help students see the suffix. Read the words aloud and point out the different sounds the -ed suffix can represent.
Explain that these suffixes are added to verbs. The –ed suffix shows that something happened in the past, while –ing can indicate something happening in the present or used as an adjective. Look at the different ways suffixes can be added:
- Simply add –ed (when a short vowel is followed by two or more consonants), as in jumped, lifted, landed.
- If a word has a split spelling of a vowel sound, drop the e: Instead of hopeed, we use hoped. Instead of tapeed, we write taped.
- If a word has a short vowel sound followed by one consonant, you need to double the consonant, as in skipped and grinned. Write and say the words hoping and hopping and taping and tapping to help students see the difference between the words with the short vowel and a word with a long vowel with a split spelling.
Go through the same process with –ing, first listing words and then showing the different ways of adding –ing suffixes to words.
Use posters for –ed suffixes and –ing suffixes in your classroom to help remind students of these patterns.
-Ed and -Ing with suffix worksheets
Once students understand –ed and –ing suffixes, it’s time for plenty of practice. A variety of worksheets give students lots of opportunities to work with –ed and –ing suffixes in literacy centers, during small group work, for independent word work, or at home.
Here are a few suffix worksheet ideas to try:
Cut and sort
Students cut out words with –ed suffixes from the worksheet. They also cut out three headings, one for each sound that –ed represents. Students then sort the words based on sound under the correct heading.
The worksheet gives a series of base words with each sound underlined. Students rewrite the word sound by sound and add the suffix. They then write the whole word.
Word of the week
The worksheet features a word with –ed or –ing suffix. Students complete various tasks related to the word, such as drawing a picture, looking up the word in the dictionary, using the word in their writing, noticing the word in their reading, listing words that rhyme with the word, etc. You could also let students choose the word of the week as long as it has an –ed or –ing suffix.
Sounds and syllables
For each –ed or –ing word listed, students underline the different sounds and then note how many sounds there are. They also break the word into syllables and note how many syllables there are in the word.
If you would like to try out some of these activities, download my free Suffix -ed and -ing activities sample pack:
In addition to worksheets, mix in games, like tic-tac-toe or 4-in-a-row and other activities, like cootie catchers to keep it fun and provide additional practice.
Providing lots of practice with –ed and –ing suffix worksheets doesn’t have to be a drain on you. The done for you Suffix ED and ING Worksheets & Activities pack is ready to download and print! Get:
- Rule Posters for adding Suffix ED and Suffix ING (4 posters included in 2 sizes)
- Master Word List for all words used in the resource
- ED Posters and Words Cards
- ING Posters and Word Cards
- 25 No Prep Worksheets for Suffixes ED and ING
- 5 Games for Suffixes ED and ING
Find it here and make teaching –ed and –ing suffixes a snap: https://topnotchteaching.com/downloads/suffix-ed-and-ing-worksheets/