Students need to understand how to add suffixes to different types of words, and the suffixes -ing and -ed are often some of the first students learn. Let’s look at some ideas for introducing the suffixes and how suffix worksheets help with practice.
Start by helping students identify these suffixes. Make a list of –ed words, such as skipped, lifted, jumped, grinned, landed, rubbed, scanned, hoped, taped. Underline the –ed to help students see the suffix.
Explain that there are several ways to add the suffix:
- Point out that for some words, you simply add –ed (when a short vowel is followed by two or more consonants), as in jumped, lifted, landed.
- Note that if a word ends in a silent e, the e is dropped. You don’t use hopeed or tapeed, but hoped or taped.
- Then point out that if a word has a short vowel sound followed by one consonant, you need to double the consonant. Show them skipped and grinned. Write and say the words hoping and taping to help students see the difference between the words with the short vowel and a word with a long vowel ending in silent e.
Next introduce –ing words, such as skipping, hanging, planting, drifting, helping, hopping, tapping.
Encourage students to explain how to add the –ing suffix to different types of words based on what they learned about –ed suffixes. Make a chart of these three ways of adding –ed and –ing suffixes. Have students say a word and tell you which column it should be added to (add –ed/–ing, drop the e and add –ed/–ing, double the final letter and add –ed/–ing).
Suffix worksheets for -ing and -ed practice
Once students understand the basics, it’s time for plenty of practice. Suffix worksheets give students different ways to interact with –ing and –ed words. They can be used for individual work, phonics/literacy stations, and homework/skill consolidation. Types of suffix worksheets include:
- Cut and match
- Say and trace
- Find the words
- Tap it, map it, zap it
- Write your own sentences
- Match the meaning
- Synonyms and antonyms for words
- Dictation sentences
- Reading and spelling multisyllabic words
In addition, -ing and -ed fluency charts help assess a student’s fluency. You can use them 1-1 with students or teach them how to use them on their own with a timer.
Suffix worksheet packs include word posters and sound cards too. That means students see -ing and -ed words regularly and you can refer to them as needed during instruction or practice.
In addition to fun activities, suffix worksheet packs include games like roll and read, 4-in-a-row, tic tac toe, and cootie catchers. You can use suffix games for small group or partner work, but many can also be adapted to be used independently. And all games come with clear instructions, so students can play them at home.
The Suffix Worksheet Pack is coming to the Top Notch Teaching Store soon. Check out our other phonics activity packs and resources, like the Fun Phonics Homework to Last the Whole Year bundle which has a whole section on the -ed and -ing suffixes, and the Top Notch Teaching Store Literacy Resources.
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If you’re after more ideas for spelling practice, then check out our spelling game challenge. Here’s how it works: Sign up, and each day, for five days, I’ll email you a new spelling game along with a short explanation on how to use it. So go ahead and bring some fun back into spelling.